Nuchal cord is when the umbilical cord that passes 360 degrees (coiled) around the fetal neck. Many parents are concerned that their baby will be born with the umbilical cord around the neck (nuchal cord), and associate this scenario with complications including stillbirth, fetal distress or neonatal morbidity. About one third of babies are born with a nuchal cord. Nuchal cord can be classified according to the number of cord coiling and tightness. Majority of nuchal cord are single loop (20.6%) and loose.
The diagnosis of nuchal cord is usually made following abnormal CTG changes (fetal distress pattern) or upon delivery of the baby’s head. Lately, nuchal cord can be detected by antenatal ultrasound.
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